Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (28 May 1883 – 26 February 1966). Freedom fighter, Revolutionary, Politician and proponent of liberty, poet, writer and play writer. He strongly advocated Utilitarianism, Rationalism and Positivism, Humanism and Universalism, Pragmatism and Realism.
The spark of revolutionary activities was ignited during his study in India and England. He founded student societies including Abhinav Bharat Society and Free India Society. His publication ‘The Indian War of Independence’ about the rebellion of 1857 was banned by the British Empire.
Arrested in 1910 over his association with revolutionary group ‘India House’, Savarkar was sentenced to 50 years imprisonment and moved to the Cellular Jail in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Within the confines of prison, Savarkar penned his work describing Hindutva, openly espousing Hindu nationalism. Post his release, Savarkar traveled widely emerging as an orator and writer, advocating Hindu political and social unity. Openly endorsing the ideal of India as a Hindu Rashtra he opposed the Quit India struggle in 1942, calling it a “Quit India but keep your army” movement. The airport at Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar’s capital has been named after him as Veer Savarkar International Airport.