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Today in History: July 7 What Happened This Day In History.

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
July 7

1742 A Spanish force invading Georgia runs headlong into the colony’s British defenders. The battle decides the fate of a colony.
1777 American troops give up Fort Ticonderoga, on Lake Champlain, to the British.
1791 Benjamin Rush, Richard Allen and Absalom Jones found the Non-denominational African Church.
1795 Thomas Paine defends the principal of universal suffrage at the Constitutional Convention in Paris.
1798 Congress reacts to the XYZ affair during the administration of President John Adams by rescinding the Treaty of Alliance with France, sparking the “Quasi-War”—an undeclared war between the United States and the French Republic that will be fought almost entirely at sea until 1800.
The name derives from the substitution of the letters X, Y, and Z for the names of three French diplomats in documents released by the Adams administration. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1798 Napoleon Bonaparte‘s army begins its march towards Cairo from Alexandria.
1807 Czar Alexander meets with Napoleon Bonaparte.
1814 Sir Walter Scott’s novel Waverley is published anonymously so as not to damage his reputation as a poet.
1815 After defeating Napoleon at Waterloo, the victorious Allies march into Paris.
1853 Japan opens its ports to trade with the West after 250 years of isolation.
1863 Confederate General Robert E. Lee, in Hagerstown, Maryland, reports his defeat at Gettysburg to President Jefferson Davis.
1925 Afrikaans is recognized as one of the official languages of South Africa, along with English and Dutch.
1927 Christopher Stone becomes the first British ‘disc jockey’ when he plays records for the BBC.
1941 Although a neutral country, the United States sends troops to occupy Iceland to keep it out of Germany’s hands.
1943 Adolf Hitler makes the V-2 missile program a top priority in armament planning.
1966 The U.S. Marine Corps launches Operation Hasting to drive the North Vietnamese Army back across the Demilitarized Zone in Vietnam.
1969 The first U.S. units to withdraw from South Vietnam leave Saigon.
1981 Sandra Day O’Connor becomes the first woman to serve on the Supreme Court.
Born on July 7
1752 Joseph-Marie Jacquard, French inventor, textile industry pioneer.
1860 Gustav Mahler, composer and conductor.
1887 Marc Chagall, French painter and designer.
1906 Leroy “Satchel” Page, baseball pitcher.
1940 Ringo Starr, musician, one of the Beatles.
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